With the weakening of feudal oppression in Western Europe in the high middle Ages and later the Renaissance was formed similar for different countries folksy physical training, including running, jumping, throwing of weights and wrestling. Apparently, gymnastics was a popular sport in ancient China. Gymnastics was actively developed during the XIX century in many European countries, where she applied gave importance with the growth of national consciousness and the need for a massive military training. In the VI century, there emerged the school of martial arts of Shaolin, then similar schools occur in other places in China with the support of Buddhist monks, and later, in the middle of the second Millennium of the new era, like a ban on the carrying of weapons, or on behalf has led to the emergence of the martial arts of Japan, different from those that developed on the continent. In 1946 K.  With the beginning of the Renaissance in Western and Central Europe returns interest in the harmonious development of the human body.
Gymnastics was actively developed during the XIX century in many European countries, where she applied gave importance with the growth of national consciousness and the need for a massive military training. There are objects and buildings, suggesting that in China there was an activity that fits the modern definition of sport, are already over 4,000 years BC. In the XVI century in Italy go treatises with detailed description of rules of individual games (including Calcio) and training methods. An important contribution to the development of physical culture, as his time and subsequent centuries, was made by the German physician and philanthropist I. Despite official negative attitude of the Christian Church toward physical education authorities had not only encourage the development of chivalry, the former main military force in Western Europe, but also to shut eyes to folk games and competitions — in particular, in the German lands and in Ireland, where the tradition of games have survived until the second half of the XII century. In the Netherlands as popular pastime steel skates. The industrial revolution and mass production has led to the fact that more and more people began to appear free time.